Wednesday, July 25, 2012

A Workplace Violence, Mass Murder, and Active Shooter Bibliography

This list does not contain every on-line public resource on these topics, but it contains many of the better ones...

A wise man recently reminded me that


Data are discrete facts and observations, information is organized data, knowledge is information-in-context, wisdom is knowledge effectively applied to solve problems.

As you may know I'm a big fan of data.  You may also know I have strong feelings about workplace violence and how it is approached by the security industry.  I strive to use the our publicly available knowledge base - information-in-context - to extinguish unreasonable fear on the part of employers and clients and to enlighten (embarrassingly) unreasoning security practitioners.

What follows are resources I've linked to in my myriad posts on workplace violence and its prevention and a few others I've found more recently.  I am not including all news articles I’ve referred to in the past as I do not want to present poor examples out of context.  If you wish to read my posts on the subject enter the phrase workplace violence in the search box and they’ll be listed for you.

A Circle of Distortion: The Social Construction of Mass Murder in the United States by Grant Duwe

Active Shooter: How To Respond  

Active Shooter: Recommendations and Analysis for Risk Mitigation 

ASIS International Active Shooter Resource page

ASIS/SHRM Workplace Violence Prevention and Intervention Standard 

Current Intelligence Bulletin #57: Violence in the Workplace: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies 

Duhart, Detis. "Violence in the Workplace, 1993-99." December, 2001.

Effectiveness of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) in Reducing Robberies, by Carri Casteel, MPH, Corinne Peek-Asa, PhD 

Effectiveness of Safety Measures Recommended for Prevention of Workplace Homicide, by Dana Loomis, PhD; Stephen W. Marshall, PhD; Susanne H. Wolf, RN, MPH; Carol W. Runyan, PhD; John D. Butts, MD 

Enforcement Procedures for Investigating or Inspecting Workplace Violence Incidents CPL 02-01-052 

Fatal Injuries to Civilian Workers in the United States, 1980-1995

Fatal Injuries to Workers in the United States 1980-1989, A Decade of Surveillance (National Profile) 

Fatal Injuries to Workers in the United States 1980-1989, A Decade of Surveillance (National and State Profiles) 

Fatal occupational injuries by industry and event or exposure, All United States, 2009   

FEMA EMI IS-907 - Active Shooter:  What You Can Do 

Guidelines for Preventing Workplace Violence for Health Care & Social Service Workers

Homicide on the Job: Workplace and Community Determinants 

Mass Murder, by Dr. Tom O'Connor, Associate Professor, Criminal Justice/Homeland Security Director, Institute for Global Security, Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, TN.  

NIOSH workplace violence page  

Number and percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by event or exposure leading to injury or illness and number of days away from work, private industry, 2009 

Occupational homicides by selected characteristics, 1997-2010

Occupational Suicides: Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Fact Sheet, August 2009 

O'Neil, David. "Non-Fatal Workplace Violence: An Epidemiological Report and Empirical Exploration of Risk Factors." April 2003. 

OSHA Workplace Violence page  

Recommendations for Workplace Violence Prevention Programs in Late-Night Retail Establishments - OSHA Publication 3153

Revisions to the 2009 Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) counts 

Run, Hide, Fight: Surviving an active shooter event, prepared by Ready Houston? (In English, Spanish, Vietnamese, and Chinese) 

Summary of Research on Mass Murder by John Klofas

Ten Tips to Mitigate Workplace Violence and Threats, by Felix P. Nater 

The Psychology of Security, by Bruce Schneier 

The Workplace Violence Prevention eReport 

Toscano, Guy and William Weber. "Violence in the Workplace." Compensation and Working Conditions, April 1995, 1-8.  

U.S. BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) 2009 Chart Pack 

U.S. BLS Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) 2010 Chart Pack 

U.S. BLS Fatal occupational injuries by selected characteristics: State of incident, employee status, sex, age, race, event or exposure, source, secondary source, nature, part of body, worker activity, location, occupation, and industry, 1992-2002 (revised final counts) 

U.S. BLS Table 4, Number, incidence rate, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected detailed occupation and private industry, state government, and local government, 2010 

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Violence in the Workplace Comes Under Closer Scrutiny." Issues in Labor Statistics. Summary 94-10, August 1994.  

Violence in the Workplace by Tanya Restrepo and Harry Shuford

When Prevention Fails: Minimizing the Post-Incident Impact of Workplace Violence 

Workplace violence intervention effectiveness: A systematic literature review, by James T. Wassell 

Workplace Violence Prevention: Readiness and Response, by Stephen J. Romano, Micòl E. Levi-Minzi, Eugene A. Rugala, and Vincent B. Van Hasselt 

Workplace Violence, 1993-2009 National Crime Victimization Survey and the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries

Workplace Violence: Issues in Response, Edited by Eugene A. Rugala and Arnold R. Isaacs 

Work-related Homicides: The Facts by Eric Sygnatur and Guy Toscano

Work-related multiple-fatality incidents, by Dino Drudi and Mark Zak 

Measured Voices

And rational analysis are needed...

Hidden in the chaff of lurid headlines, breathless reporting, and endless screen bottom scrolls are some people who are taking a measured and rational look at the tragedy in Colorado.  It's causes are complex, the details still murky, and the solutions unclear but these folks are using their indoor voices and have taken the time to scratch beneath the surface.

Aurora Police Trained for Major Shooting Spree, by Robert Beckhusen

'Dark Knight' Shooting: Mass Murder Up, Even While Gun Violence Down by Ron Dicker at Huff Post.  Actually, mass murder is holding steady but at least he provides some of the statistics.

The Fear Factor, by Mark Ragins

Viral Violence: Do violent attacks occur in clusters? By at Slate

Warning behaviors sought to stop killings, by Bob Ortega of The Republic | 

Warning signs of violence: What to do, by Dr. Charles Raison

We’ve Seen This Movie Before By Roger Ebert

What Bank Robberies Can Teach Scared Moviegoers, by Nick Catrantzos

Several resources were not written in response to the Aurora shootings but provide useful background, assistance, statistics, or perspective.

10 Tips to Mitigate Workplace Violence and Threats By Felix P. Nater for Security magazine.  Felix has been one of the go to guys on this issue since the beginning.